delabs Circuits

Friday, April 21, 2017

How does RTD Work

How Resistance temperature detector works?

Post by JG

The most popular RTD is PT-100, Platinum 100 Ohms, As all Metals have a Temperature Coefficient of Resistance. The Resistance of RTD increases with rise in temperature.

How does RTD Work

Even Copper wire can be used, but you need to have a very thin and long wire to make usable measurements.

Resistance: Temperature Coefficient - Since the electrical resistance of a conductor such as a copper wire is dependent upon collisional proccesses within the wire, the resistance could be expected to increase with temperature since there will be more collisions

Resistance thermometer - Wikipedia - . The RTD wire is a pure material, typically platinum, nickel, or copper. The material has an accurate resistance/temperature relationship which is used to provide an indication of temperature. As RTD elements are fragile, they are often housed in protective probes.

What are RTDs? - in the case of Platinum known variously as PRTs and PRT100s, are the most popular RTD type, nearly linear over a wide range of temperatures

What is a Resistance Temperature Detector (RTD)? - Most RTD elements consist of a length of fine coiled wire wrapped around a ceramic or glass core.
The material has a predictable change in resistance as the temperature changes; it is this predictable change that is used to determine temperature.

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This is an answer of mine to an old post - 2006

Thursday, April 20, 2017

Spice Simulation for CD4060

I found your web site today. I am looking for the CD4060 spice model for Orcad Capture. My Orcad version is the 9.2 (complete but without CD4060 !!)

I saw on your web pages a design using this component. How can I have the CD4060 model (to use it in simulation) ?

Mail from EG France

Try using 74HCT4060 or maybe 74HC4060

74HCT4060 or  74HC4060

Have a look at these links.

SPICE Simulation Fundamentals - Basic SPICE Simulation Model Parameters, SPICE Simulation Control Statements. SPICE Simulation Source Type and Parameters.

PSPICE Resources -  Where can I get my own copy of PSPICE using Schematics? (the student version 9.1 is free)

SPICE Resources - SPICE is available in many different "flavors." Several versions are presented below for your downloading pleasure.

SPICE - A Brief Overview - The description is far from complete, as SPICE is a powerful circuit simulator with many capabilitie

The SPICE circuit simulator and models - SPICE is an acronym for Simulation Program with Integrated Circuit Emphasis and was inspired by the need to accurately model devices used in integrated circuit design. It has now become the standard computer program for electrical and electronic simulation.

"The Orcad demonstration package includes several libraries for circuit layout, but only the EVAL.LIB has SPICE models as well. This library includes a range ...."

Please study all links above and tell me if it solves your problem, Look and study each link above. If you have a problem still, then i will search again or find a solution

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Tuesday, April 04, 2017

Bioamp for muscle signals - EMG

message: I'm working an a bioamp for muscle signals. This is the base design, but it does not work. Basically what I want to do is a circuit that amplifies my muscle signals and is able to run a small dc motor when I flex a muscle. Any help? Thanks

Mail from JX US


Electromyography (EMG)  - An electromyograph detects the electric potential generated by muscle cells. when these cells are electrically or neurologically activated.

Electromyography EMG

Study these links and send me a feedback ....

Positive Feedback Circuit for Isometric Muscle Experiments - he part of which I am most proud is the innovative Automatic Gain Control (AGC) circuit, without which the project would not have succeeded. This AGC circuit could well be used in many other applications too

EMG design parameters - The device must be able to detect the small signals arising from muscular contraction and amplify them without also amplifying ambient noise which may exist in the recording environment and which is likely to be of approximately the same magnitude as the signals of interest.

Important Factors in Surface EMG Measurement - Small electrical currents are generated by muscle fibres prior to the production of muscle force. These currents are generated by the exchange of ions across muscle fibre membranes, a part of the signaling process for the muscle fibres to contract. The signal called the electromyogram (EMG) can be measured by applying conductive elements or
electrodes to the skin surface, or invasively within the muscle

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